The Logic Stage focuses on organizing information gathered in the Grammar Stage, making connections and learning to evaluate evidence. Here the vast array of data experienced at the grammar stage is categorized and organized with some level of integration. How basic parts and skills relate to each other, basic cause and effect relationships, and how different disciplines build upon and relate to each other is the focus at this stage.
Reasoning is explicitly developed, including an emphasis on definitions and clarity of expression and thought. Independent thinking, verbal combativeness, and defense of positions comes more naturally and with more force at this stage. Enhanced symbolic thinking in math and basic formal logic, increased ability to hypothesize and predict in science, and an increased ability to understand the interaction of various historical events and cultures comes more naturally. Students begin to show habits of independent thinking and discovery at this stage and continue to read works of literature of increasing depth in their exploration of the human experience.
Lists of texts below are illustrative and not exhaustive.
Description: Using a general concept to solve problems in a particular situation; using learned material in new and concrete situations.
Skills: Apply, adopt, collect, construct, demonstrate, discover, illustrate, infer, outline, point out, select, separate, sort and subdivide.
Description: Breaking something down into its parts; may focus on identification of parts or analysis of relationships between parts, or recognition of organizational principles.
Skills: Analyze, compare, contrast, diagram, differentiate, dissect, distinguish, identify, illustrate, infer, outline, paraphrase, point out, review, select, separate, sort and subdivide.